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Agriculture: Innovations in Farming

Explore a premier collection of tools and equipment that documents American agricultural inventions and farmer resourcefulness. Then climb into the cab of our New Holland combine and see for yourself.

Daily Activities at Agriculture: Innovations in Farming

Highlights

Massey-Harris Model 20 Self-Propelled Combine, 1938

  Details

Massey-Harris Model 20 Self-Propelled Combine, 1938

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Artifact

Combine (Agricultural equipment)

Date Made

1938

Summary

"Combines" combine the major tasks of the grain harvest: cutting and gathering the crop, then threshing and separating the kernels. The Massey-Harris Combine Model 20, introduced in 1938, culminated over 100 years of improvement in mechanical harvesters and is a "Landmark of Agricultural Engineering." Operated by just one person, it provided valuable relief to the labor shortages of World War II.

Place of Creation

Canada, Ontario, Toronto 

Object ID

75.131.1

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford. Gift of Henry L. Oldham.

大运河彩票Agriculture
 On Exhibit

at Henry Ford Museum in Agriculture

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Massey-Harris Model 20 Self-Propelled Combine, 1938

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What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

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Oliver Chilled Cast Iron Plow, circa 1895

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Oliver Chilled Cast Iron Plow, circa 1895

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Artifact

Plow (Agricultural equipment)

Date Made

circa 1895

Summary

The high-quality Oliver Chilled Plow dominated the market during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Its creator, James Oliver, perfected “chilling,” a casting process that created durable iron moldboards and shares that retained a smooth surface during heavy use. Farmers relied on dependable plows like the Oliver when preparing soil prior to planting crops.

Object ID

00.1215.1

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford. Gift of James Oliver, Sr.

大运河彩票Agriculture
 On Exhibit

at Henry Ford Museum in Agriculture

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

Oliver Chilled Cast Iron Plow, circa 1895

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What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

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  Details

FMC Tomato Harvester, 1969

  Details

FMC Tomato Harvester, 1969

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Artifact

Tomato harvester

Date Made

1969

Summary

Tomatoes need careful handling. Growers who contract with processors used to rely on human laborers. The quest to plant and harvest more, faster, gave mechanical engineers and plant geneticists incentive to design a machine and a tomato it could harvest. The FMC Cascade Harvester carried 10-12 laborers who sorted debris out of the crop, fewer laborers than growers had needed for handpicking.

Object ID

91.142.1

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford.

大运河彩票Agriculture
 On Exhibit

at Henry Ford Museum in Agriculture

Related Objects

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

FMC Tomato Harvester, 1969

View in our Collectionson  

What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

VIEW CALENDAR

  Details

Microscope Used by George Washington Carver, circa 1900

  Details

Microscope Used by George Washington Carver, circa 1900

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Artifact

Microscope

Date Made

circa 1900

Summary

By 1900, cotton production had depleted Southern soils, so George Washington Carver (1864-1943) developed nutritious crops like peanuts that nurtured the soil and could be sold to make industrial products. He used this microscope in his laboratory at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama.

Object ID

97.6.1

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford. Gift of Dr. Austin W. Curtis.

大运河彩票Agriculture
 On Exhibit

at Henry Ford Museum in Agriculture

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

Microscope Used by George Washington Carver, circa 1900

View in our Collectionson  

What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

VIEW CALENDAR

  Details

New Holland TR70 Axial Flow Combine, 1975

  Details

New Holland TR70 Axial Flow Combine, 1975

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Artifact

Combine

Date Made

1975

Summary

Engineers designed the TR70 as a compact machine suitable for hilly terrain. The twin rotors (TR) shelled corn or threshed grain and moved it through the combine’s body. Setting the rotors at an angle (axial) shortened the machine. Farmers changed the front-end attachment to harvest corn, beans, or wheat. Stencils on this prototype, exhibited at trade shows, explained additional features.

Object ID

87.123.1

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford. Gift of Ford New Holland, Inc.

大运河彩票Agriculture
 On Exhibit

at Henry Ford Museum in Agriculture

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

New Holland TR70 Axial Flow Combine, 1975

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What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

VIEW CALENDAR

  Details

Fordson Tractor, 1917-1918, Used by Luther Burbank

  Details

Fordson Tractor, 1917-1918, Used by Luther Burbank

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Artifact

Tractor (Agricultural equipment)

Date Made

1917-1918

Summary

The Fordson tractor, manufactured by Henry Ford and Son, Inc., was the first lightweight, mass-produced tractor that was affordable to the average farmer. Through this and other efforts, Henry Ford sought to relieve farmers of the burden of heavy labor. Ford gave this Fordson, the first production model, to fellow innovator Luther Burbank, creator of hundreds of new plant varieties.

Object ID

00.136.291

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford. Gift of Ford Motor 大运河彩票.

大运河彩票Agriculture
 On Exhibit

at Henry Ford Museum in Agriculture

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

Fordson Tractor, 1917-1918, Used by Luther Burbank

View in our Collectionson  

What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

VIEW CALENDAR

  Details

Agriculture: Innovations in Farming

Making Farming a Little Easier

Steam traction engines such as this one mechanized 19th-century farming.  

Manure Spreader

This 1905 manure spreader made an awful job a little less so.  

Harvesting Crops

This 1975 Sperry-New Holland combine harvests, threshes, and separates grain.  

Experience the Machine

Imagine what it is like to drive a huge piece of farm equipment.